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- Deep submicron NMOSFETs with elevated source/drain can be fabricated using self-aligned selective epitaxial growth(SEG) of silicon for enhanced device characteristics with shallow junction compared to conventional MOSFETs. Shallow junctions, especially with the heavily-doped S/D residing in the elevated layer, give better immunity to Vt roll off, drain-induced-barrier-lowering(DIBL), subthreshold swing(SS), punch-through, and hot carrier effects. In this paper, the characteristics of both deep submicron elevated source/drain NMOSFETs and conventional NMOSFETs were investigated by using TSUPREM-4 and MEDICI simulators, and then the results were compared. It was observed from the simulation results that deep submicron elevated S/D NMOSFETs having shallower junction depth resulted in reduced short channel effects, such as DIBL, SS, and hot carrier effects than conventional NMOSFETs. The saturation current, Idsat, of the elevated S/D NMOSFETs was higher than conventional NMOSFETs with identical device dimensions due to smaller sheet resistance in source/drain regions. However, the gate-to-drain capacitance increased in the elevated S/D MOSFETs compared with the conventional NMOSFETs because of increasing overlap area. Therefore, it is concluded that elevated S/D MOSFETs may result in better device characteristics including current drivability than conventional NMOSFETs, but there exists trade-off between device characteristics and gate-to-drain capacitance.