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- In this paper, we propose a Probabilistic Tabu Search(PTS) method for hydro-thermal scheduling. Hydro scheduling has many constraints and very difficult to solve the optimal schedule because it has many local minima. To solve the problem effectively, the proposed method uses two procedures, one is Tabu search procedure that plays a role in local search, and the other is Restarting procedure that enables to diversify its search region. To adjust parameters such as a reducing rate and initial searching region, search strategy is selected according to its probability after Restarting procedure. Dynamic decoding method was also used to restrict a search region and to handle water balance constraints.In order to show the usefulness of the proposed method, the PTS is applied on two cases which have independent or dependent hydro plants and compared to those of other method. The simulation results show it is very efficient and useful algorithm to solve the hydro-thermal scheduling problem.