초록 close

- In order to describe the upper bound of the uncertainties without any information of the structure, we assume that the upper bound is represented as a Fredholm integral equation of the first kind, that is, an integral of the product of a predefined kernel with an unknown influence function. Based on the improved Lyapunov function, we propose an adaptation law that is capable of estimating the upper bound and we design a sliding mode control, which controls effectively for uncertain dynamic systems.