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이동통신 서비스는 무선통신의 속성상 채널이 노출되어있다고 볼 수 있으므로 도청의 가능성을 갖는다. 현재 국내에서 서비스되고 있는 CDMA 방식의 이동통신 서비스는 각 가입자마다 통화로 설정 과정에서 고유한 PN을 이용하여 정보가 확산되므로 일반적인 경우 도청이 어렵다고 알려져 있다. 본 연구에서는 먼저, CDMA 시스템의 순방향 채널을 분석하여 가입자 단말기의 ESN 및 MIN가 알려지는 경우 도청이 가능함을 보였다. 현재 국내에서 서비스되고 있는 CDMA 시스템에서는 호처리 과정에서 ESN 및 MIN이 무선채널 상에서 노출되고 있으므로 비교적 간단한 방법으로 순방향 통화채널을 모니터 할 수 있다. 본 논문에서는 순방향 통화채널의 모니터링을 통하여 CDMA 서비스의 보안취약성과 개선방안을 제시하였다.


Mobile Communication has a possibility of eavesdropping by nature of wireless channel. It is known that eavesdropping of CDMA system is impossible because the voice data spreads with the PN. First of all, we show that it is possible to eavesdrop the CDMA channel by analysis of the forward channel in case that we know the ESN and the MIN. We can monitor the forward traffic channel with easy since ESN and MIN are exposed during the call processing in CDMA service in Korea. In this paper, we will show security weakness and propose an enhanced mechanism for CDMA service. We consider the problem of security in the CDMA service. CDMA system has wireless channels to transmit voice or data. By this reason, CDMA communication has a possibility of being eavesdropped by someone. It is known that eavesdropping in CDMA system is impossible because the voice data spreads with the PN. However, we can eavesdrop the CDMA data in FCM protocol in case that we know the ESN and the MIN. In CDMA system, ESN and MIN are exposed to the wireless channel. In this paper, we analyze the flow of the voice and signal in the CDMA system and monitor the forward traffic channel by the FCM protocol. The FCM protocol is proposed to monitor the forward channel in CDMA system. We can show the possibility of monitoring in one-way channel of CDMA system by the FCM protocol. The test instrument based on the FCM protocol is proposed to monitor the CDMA forward channel. We will show the system architecture of the test instrument to monitor the forward channel in CDMA.