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- A varactor diode was utilized in order to expand variable range of the natural oscillation frequency of an active phased-array antenna. We have conformed experimentally that the variable range of the natural oscillation frequency was expanded about three times in the oscillator controlled by the varactor diode. When frequency difference was given to the oscillators in the two elements antenna system, phase difference was appeared between the oscillators. The 2-, 3-, 5-elements patch antenna array was composed for the beam scanning experiments. All the above patch antennas showed good phased array characteristics. The experimental results are as follows that the scanning angle of the 2-elements array antenna is 28.6°, the 3-elements array antenna is 29.4°, and the 5-elements array antenna is 26.2°.