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Column shortening in the cores and columns of tall concrete buildings requires special attention to ensure proper behavior for strength of the structure and the nonstructural element. The effects of column shortening, both elastic and inelastic, take on added significance and need special consideration in design and construction with increased height of structures. The compensation differ from reinforced concrete and steel reinforced concrete members. In this paper, the compensation methods of column shortening are presented and analyzed according to the material characteristics. It could be concluded that suitable compensation methods according to the reinforced concrete or steel members are significant factors for the accurate compensation of column shortening.