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In this study, using Monte Carlo simulation about inspection model applied practically in air-conditioning facilities of office building, the optimal preventive maintenance inspection period is suggested to improve the reliability of the units, and effect on expected profit of optimal preventive maintenance inspection period is computed. The main results of this study are summarized as follows:1) Simulation program for sensitivity analysis and optimal preventive maintenance inspection period is made, in order to execute precisely sensitivity analysis of maintenance factors, by using Monte Carlo simulation's flow chart and compute optimal preventive maintenance inspection period.2) Using models for the relationship between reliability and inspection frequency per unit time and model between inspection and expected profit of preventive maintenance by CBM, the optimal preventive maintenance inspection period of air-conditioning facilities is computed, and it is revealed that the range of that is 90~175 hr and, correlation curve of the original MTBF and optimal preventive maintenance inspection period by CBM is derived. 3) And effect on expected profit of preventive maintenance's activity by optimal preventive maintenance inspection period is computed. It is found that the larger the original MTBF, like MTBF of centrifugal compression chiller and AHU is, and the smaller the expected profit increased, and the smaller the original MTBF, like MTBF of boiler, absorption chiller and turbo case cooling tower is, and larger the expected profit increased.