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The height of buildings define the skyline of cities, and in recent years, building height control have been approached from urban design aspect to bring about harmonious townscape as well as provide identity of city. Yet in Korea, the building height control has remained based on the width of the road they face. This has resulted in many problems such as skyline control, high density developments in outlying areas, land-use problems and lack of city identity. This research examines the existing height control system, the problems inherent in it and reviews building height control in advanced industrialized countries. The paper examines various urban planning as well as site specific considerations in resolving the problems in the building height control system currently in use, and introduces a new direction in building height control based on the street block.