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The theoretical framework of Deconstructivist Architecture has been generally regarded as a presentation of the French philosopher Jacques Derrida's critical thinking since it first appeared in 1980's. However, actual works of this architectural trend are quite different from his thinking because these were primarily affected by literary critics of American Deconstructuion, rather than his philosophical direction. Therefore, this paper attempts to point out that controversial issue, and suggest a new meaning of Deconstructivist Architecture, which is truely based on Derrida's idea of 'Openness and Practicality of Text' and can overcome the fallacy of American Deconstruction.