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Daebang in Seoul and Gyeonggi province, evolved from the Ru(樓) which was located at the front of the main temple such as Geuklakbogeon under the necessity of space for yeombul (i.e. pray to Buddha) and reception by the yeombul-prevalent and reception-valued social background in the late Joseon (Chosun) dynasty, was temple for yeombul.This study aims at finding out the characteristics of the floor plan of Daebang temple in Seoul and Gyeonggi province from the 19th to the Mid 20th century by analyzing the existing 19 Daebang buildings.As a result of this study, it was revealed that the standard type of approach to the main domain in the Sachal (i.e. a generic name of Buddhist precincts consisting of temple dormitories and various kinds of temple buildings) with Daebang was the left-side access of Daebang. In this case, both the master's room for Hwaju (an official title of the monk in charge in those days) and a projecting-Iksa for reception that needed privacy were on the right side, the opposite of the road, to secure a private life and the kitchen of the Daebang faced the main road. Also it was revealed that by locating the Hwaju's room between Ikru for reception and Keunbang for yeombul it was possible for Hwaju to control these two rooms effectively and by placing the kitchen beside Keunbang it was possible for servants to maximize the good service for food in its floor plan.