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The aim of the study is to find out the architectural characteristics of five dementia units in Pusan area through observation and archives. The analysis reveals that sample units are located in particular areas. This may give users inconvenience. However, all sample units have a double-corridor type which is not suitable to the dementia unit due to long corridor which may give residents disorientation, 5~7 residents use one room, thus, the units look like asylums, and wandering pathways are not available in most sample units. Finally, the need for a korean style dementia unit, considering architectural characteristics and trends of the dementia unit in Korea, is discussed.