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The purpose of this study is to clarify the actual condition of the daily living activities of the elderly with dementia in medical facilities. The thorough investigation and observation works were made to them from the view points of daily living behaviors and behavioral places of the recuperating elderly. This article discusses about the basic characteristics of the elderly and the actual condition of the daily living activities of the elderly with dementia in 2 geriatric hospitals and 1 special hospital for the aged with dementia. The results of this study are summarized as follows; There is no wide difference between geriatric hospital and special hospital for the aged with dementia on the characteristic of living behaviors of the elderly with dementia. The usage of behavioral places in hospitals are influenced by the physical environments and the basic characteristics of the elderly with dementia.