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The purpose of this study is to discover the characteristics of contemporary housing community, especially emphasized on the physical formation made by relations among private houses and public spaces. Housing community has been based on the relation between association of each private house and a regional society. In pre-modern period, housing community had centrality made by large communal 'public space' placed in the heart of community. However such centrality with hierarchy has been copied in modern housing community, even though the relation of association was collapsed due to industrialized and expanded society. As a result, the public space in modern housing community has been an abandoned space, losing its own capability and housing community is nothing but a group of houses. In such a crisis of housing community, Europan competition, which is one of the most progressive, have shown some ways for new housing community. 1) "Individual Community" with non-hierarchial, scattered physical structure which reflects individualized relationship, 2) "Infrastructure Community" which shares urban infra or other facilities and has functional public space, and 3) "Complex Community" which tries to connect to urban structures or activities, making new urban forms and its own characters.