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Geonbongsa which was a large-scale Amitabha sachal(i.e. a generic name of Buddhist precincts consisting of temple dormitories and various kinds of temple buildings) in the late Joseon dynasty was demolished by fire in 1878 and soon reconstructed but destroyed again in the middle of Korean war in 1950.This study aims at finding out the constitution and transition of the Geonbongsa in the late Joseon dynasty, and, for this, materials from Gojong period to 1945 as well as researches for the yeombuldang were analyzed.As a result of this study, before fire in 1878 it was Amitabha sachal composed of three important constituents such as Geukrakjeon area, Nakseoam area and Palsangjeon area together with surrounding hermitages and directly after the fire it was the same as before but consisting of two important constituents such as Geukrakjeon and Nakseoam area together with those hermitages. Around 1890, it was, as Amitabha sachal, extended by formation of a new Geukrakjeon area at the other place according to the change of the name of the main temple into Daewungjeon from Geukrakjeon and reconstruction of Palsangjeon area. Afterwards it maintained Amitabha sachal all the way and was enlarged by attaching Byeoldang and subsidiary buildings on the basis of the arrangement at these days.