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The purpose of this study was to investigate the social support, understanding of the children's problem in the female-headed single parents, and their child rearing methods. To obtain this purpose, in-depth interview was conducted to 8 female-headed single parents from March 3 to April 5, 2003. The contents of interviews were recorded and analyzed by qualitative method. The results were as follows: First, female-headed single parents were stuck for the social support and the relationships with parents-in-law were ruptured, especially. Secondly, female-headed single parents had well known about their children's daily life. Third, in the early stage of female-headed single parents, they had expressed the stresses in their hardship of life to their children, but it decreased whenever they were accustomed to their life.