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Monitoring of the drill wear and hole quality change is conducted during the drilling process. Cutting force measured by tool dynamometer is a evident feature estimating abnormal state of drilling. One major difficulty in using tool dynamometer is that the work-piece must be mounted on the dynamometer, and thus the machining process is disturbed and discontinuous. Acoustic transducer do not disturb the normal machining process and provide a relatively easy way to monitor a machining process for industrial application. For this advantage, AE signal is used to estimate the abnormal state. In this study vision system is used to detect flank wear tendency and hole quality, there are many formal factors in hole quality decision circularity, cylindricity, straightness, and so on, but these are difficult to measure in on-line monitoring. The movement of hole center and increasement of hole diameter is presented to determine hole quality. As the results of this experiment, AE RMS signal and measurements by vision system are shown the similar tendency as abnormal state of drilling.