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Mirror surface finish of Si-wafers has been achieved by rotary in-feed machining with cup-type wheels in ELID grinding. But the diameter of the workpiece is limited with the diameter of the grinding wheel in the in-feed machining method. In this study, some grinding experiments by the rotary surface grinding machine with straight type wheels were conducted, by which the possible grinding area of the workpiece is independent of the diameter of the wheels. For the purpose of investigating the grinding characteristics of large scale diametrical silicon wafer, grinding conditions such as rotation speed of grinding wheels and revolution of workpieces are varied, and grinding machine used in this experiment is rotary type surface grinding m/c equipment with an ELID unit. The surface ground using the SD8000 wheels showed that mirror like surface roughness can be attained near 2∼6 nm in Ra.