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이 글은 헝가리 구비문학의 일반적인 개괄을 담고 있다. 헝가리 구비문학의 연구사와, 구비문학을 지칭하는 용어를 통해 민중이 주체이라는 일반적인 특징 이외에 노래의 형식으로 전한 것이 많다는 특징을 찾아낼 수 있었다. 연구 환경의 소개는 대학에 설치된 학과와 학술원 산하에 있는 연구소, 독립된 유럽 구비문학 연구소를 예시하였다.


A Study of the Hungarian Transmitted LiteratureHan, Kyung-Min(Hankuk University of Foreign Studies)It was 18th century when some important works of the hungarian transmitted literature were collected and recorded. In this period, Hungarian writers as well as the other europeans, had concentrated their concerns to the national tradition and characteristics, and naturally they contacted with the genre which had been transmitted from their ancestors. it was well known that the starting point of the trend on all europe was the publishing the Grimm brothers' fairly tale, Kinder und Haumrchen in 1812.Since then many hungarian researcher had discovered and written down the text of the hungarian folklore and later they founded the Hungarian folklore association in Hungarian Academy of Sciences.