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본 연구에서는 생쥐에서 키토산의 방사선저항성 효과를 알아보자고 하였다. 건강한 ICR 생쥐를 본 실험에 사용하였다.SOD와 MDA는 방사선조사 후 48, 72시간째에 측정하였다. 간 미세구조는 방사선조사 후 24, 48, 72시간째에 측정하였다. 실험군은 세 가지로 나누었다. 실험군 1은 대조군으로 방사선 조사 후 키토산올리고당을 처치하지 않은 군. 실험군 2는 방사선조사 30일 전에 키토산올리고당 용액을 선처치 한 군, 실험군 3은 방사선조사 후 키토산올리고당을 처치한 군 등으로 각 실험군 당 10마리 생쥐를 사용하였다. 방사선조사 30일 전에 키토산올리고당 용액을 선처치 한 군에서 SOD와 MDA 발현 수치가 감소함을 알 수 있었다(P<0.01). 조직학적 결과는 다음과 같다. 방사선조사군 - 핵은 함입되어 불규칙한 형태이며 미토콘드리아는 팽대되고 내강이 파괴되었다. 조면소포체는 심하게 팽대되었고 리보소옴의 탈락 현상이 관찰되었다. 선처치군 - 핵은 비교적 원형을 이루었고 미토콘드리아는 타원형의 형태로 관찰되었다. 조면소포체는 약간 팽대되었으나 리보소옴이 부착된 형태로 관찰되었다. 후처치군 - 핵은 약간 함입되어 불규칙한 형태이고, 미토콘드리아는 약간 팽대되었다. 조면소포체는 약간 팽대되었고 일부에서 리보소옴의 탈락 현상이 관찰되었다.


The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect the radiation-resistance of chitosan on the mice. A healthy male ICR mice were used for experiment. The SOD and MDA activity was measured from the liver of mice at 48 and 72 hours after the irradiation. The ultrastructural changes of the liver by irradiation was observed at 24, 48 and 72 hours after irradiation. The experimental groups were divided into three groups. Group 1 was the control group which was not treated with chitosanoligosaccharide before or after iradiation. Group 2 was the prefeeding group which chitosanoligosaccharide solution was supplied by feeding ad libitum for 30 days before irradiation. Group 3 was the postfeeding group which chitosanoligosaccharide solution was supplied by feeding after irradiation. In all groups 10 mice were used. The results were as follow: The SOD and MDA activity of the prefeeding group was decreased significantly (P<0.01).Control group - The nuclei were condensed. The mitochondria and rough endoplasmic reticulum(rER) were extended and the ribosome was dropped from the rER. Prefeeding group - The nuclei were rounded. The mitochondria was elongated. And the rER attached ribosomes. Postfeeding group - The nuclei were slightly condensed. The mitochondria and the rER were extended and the ribosome was dropped from the rER.It was concluded that the chitosanoligosaccharide was effective in the radiation-protection. So, chitosan would have the potential as the radiation-protection materials.