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The era of modernity means, in political domain, the general spread of the sense of citizenship among whole people in a country. We can observe same phenomenon among Korean women in Korea during the Japanese rule. In fact, the process of nation-building was begun in the late 19th century Korea. In the beginning of the 20th century, modernity oriented reformers maintained including of Korean women to the subjects of the State. They noticed an importance of women’s role in the nation-building. And Korean women, traditionally excluded from political and social domain, could be included to the nation by some means. Korean women received education and they could be literate. And they also participated in social and economic activity. Finally, it could be possible to organize politically influential groups among Korean women. These phenomena contributed to change women’s identity. They were not simply confined to the role of house keeping as before. They came to have identity of political subject during nation-building process. Even the Korea were deprived of the political liberty by Japan, Korean women could get to know the value of citizenship via participation to nationalist struggle. This experience made them prepare nation-building after Korea’s Independence from Japan.