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회전제약(Turn Penalty and Prohibition)을 포함하는 방향성 그래프(Directed Graph)에서 두 지점(One-To-One)간 덩굴망(Vine)을 포함한 다수의 경로를 순차적으로 탐색하는 알고리즘(K-Shortest Path Algorithm)을 제안한다. 이를 위해 Yen이 제안한 다경로탐색알고리즘을 기반으로 교차로의 방향별 통행에서 발생되는 회전지체와 금지의 표현이 가능한 링크표지(Link-Labeled)탐색방식을 적용하는 기법을 개발한다. 사례연구를 통해 제안된 알고리즘은 교차로의 회전특성뿐만 아니라 U-Turn, P-Turn과 같은 덩굴망(Vine) 통행특성의 고려가 가능하며, 운전자의 인지비용(Perceived Cost)을 반영한 합리적인 대안경로(Reasonable Alternative Route)의 정보 제공 가능성을 입증했다.


Considering a path represented by a sequence of link numbers in a network, the vine is differentiated from the loop in a sense that any link number can be appeared in the path only once, while more than once in the loop. The vine provides a proper idea how to account for complicated travel patterns such as U-turn and P-turn witnessed nearby intersections in urban roads. This paper proposes a new algorithm in which the vine travel pattern can be considered for finding K number of sequential paths. The main idea of this paper is achieved by replacing the node label of the existing Yen's algorithm by the link label technique. The case studies show that the algorithm properly represent the vine travel patterns in searching K number of paths. A noticeable result is that the algorithm may be a promising alternative for ITS deployment by enabling to provide reasonable route information including perceived traveler costs.