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The purpose of this study was to investigate the spatial composition characteristics of elderly housing facilities in USA, in order to refer them in establishing the basic plan for elderly housing in Korea. The case study performed in this study from July 23 to July 31 is based on ten housing facilities for the elderly located at California in USA. The results of this study were as follows;1. The type of floor plan was classified into the U type, ㅁ type, L type, and ㅡ type. And they had an outside space called a garden(courtyard).2. The kinds of common spaces could be grouped as the space for basic living, for leisure, and for convenient living. Also it was all common that the housing facility had shared livingroom, shared diningroom, activity room, and garden. The type of the common spaces was categorized into two types, the centralized type where the shared space was located at the center of the housing facilities, and the distributed type, depending on the degree of separation between common spaces and units.3. The kinds of units was classified into studio, oneroom, one bedroom and two bedroom.