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A total of 260 dogs were randomly selected from two different breed kennels that brucellosis has occurred (group 1, 126 dogs), and random selected breed kennel (group 2, 134 dogs), and monitored for Brucella canis (B. canis) by 2-mercaptoethanol rapid slide agglutination test (2ME-RSAT) and bacterial culture method. For the differentiation, PCR-RFLP using omp-31, wbkA and per genes used for 52 of B canis strains (strain I) isolated in this study and 3 of B. canis strains (strain II) isolated in 1994 in Korea. 2ME-RSAT revealed that 63/126 dogs (50.0%) and 12/134 dogs (9.0%) were positive in group I and group II, respectively. Bacterial culture revealed that 47/126 dogs (37.3%) and 5/134 dogs (3.7%) were positive in group I and group II, respectively. As the results of PCR-RFLP, omp-31 was amplified from all Brucella spp, except B. abortus. All B. canis isolates showed unique PCR-RFLP pattern following digestion with Bme18I. However, all Brucella spp. showed the same PCR-RFLP pattern following digestion with SalI. PCR-RFLP analysis of wbkA revealed that all Brucella spp. showed the same pattern following digestion with HindIII. PCR-RFLP analysis of per revealed that B. abortus 544 and B. melitensis 63/9 showed the same pattern, but different from B. suis and B. canis following digestion with HindIII.