초록 close

The purpose of this study was to examine the impacts of educational theater on 5-years-old children, and more specifically, to find out whether the effects of the theater on children's peer acceptance and self-esteem are different by peer social statuses, that are, popular, average, and neglected/rejected. Fifty seven children participated in this study and were evaluated with the Sociometric Test (Coie & Dodge, 1983). The experimental subgroup (N=28) participated in the programmed educational theater for 9 sessions. The dependent variables were measured by the peer acceptance items of Sociometric Test as well as the Self-Perception Profile based on SPPC (Harter, 1985), and the same tests were administered twice, before and after the experiment. Covariance analyses showed significant differences between experimental and control groups, for the children in the neglected/rejected category, in peer acceptance and social acceptance dimension of self-esteem. Global self-worth among children of popular and average categories, and total self-esteem among children of average category were also improved by the theater program. These results imply that educational theater programs can be used effectively to promote young children's social adjustment.