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목 적 : 세균성 뇌막염은 특히 신생아 시기에 발병하는 경우, 비특이적인 증상으로 인해 다른 질환과의 구별이 힘들어 진단과 치료가 늦어지고, 합병증을 초래하며 장기적인 후유증을 남기는 경우가 적지 않다. 이에, 가장 많은 원인균 중에 하나인 GBS에 의한 뇌막염에 대하여 임상 양상, 치료 결과 및 합병증에 대해서 살펴보고자 하였다.방 법 : 1990년 5월부터 2002년 1월까지 울산의대 서울아산병원 소아과 병동 및 신생아 중환자실에 입원하여, 뇌척수액 배양과 라텍스 응집 반응 검사상 GBS에 의한 뇌막염으로 진단된 29명의 환아를 대상으로 후향적으로 조사 분석하였다.


Purpose : Bacterial meningitis is a serious disease, especially in the neonatal period, and it carries a significant degree of mortality and morbidity. Group B streptococcus(GBS) is a common cause of neonatal bacterial meningitis. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical manifestations, treatment results and complications of GBS meningitis. Methods : We analyzed 29 cases retrospectively who had been admitted to the pediatric ward or NICU in Asan Medical Center from May 1990 to January 2002. They had proven GBS in culture or latex agglutination test in CSF. Results : The male to female ratio was 1 : 1.9. There were two cases of early onset type and 27 cases of late onset type. All cases had normal birth weight with full term at delivery. The perinatal predisposing factors were premature rupture of membrane(two cases), and maternal colonization(two cases). The most common presenting symptoms were fever and irritability. Associated diseases were GBS sepsis(21 cases). There was relatively high sensitivity to penicillin derivatives. There were abnormal brain CT or MRI findings in 16 cases(64%), such as infarction, encephalomalatic change, effusion, hydrocephalus, hemorrhage and abscess. The intensive care unit admission rate and the incidence of DIC were higher in the group with complications. Two cases were discharged against advice. Conclusion : We recommend early detection and active treatment in Group B streptococcal meningitis to improve the prognosis.