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This study explores that care and sympathy presented in Wordsworth`s "The Ruined Cottage" can be valued as an ecofeminist environmental ethics. Focusing on the emotional extension of the pedlar`s care and sympathy from Margaret to the natural environment around the ruined cottage, this study shows that the poem portrays not only the oppression of woman and nature but also the liberation of both. Wordsworth`s simultaneous concern with Margaret and nature, this study hopes to suggest, enables readers to see that Wordsworth denied the oppositional dualism which subjugates women and the nonhuman into men and the human. Referring to some ecocritical readings and readings and Wordsworth`s revising process of "The Ruined Cottage," this study proposes that any reading of the poem should give much attention to Wordsworth`s identification of Margaret with nature. Ecocritics have tended to discuss the vitality of nature without any serious consideration of Margaret`s suffering, and some readers that have problematized Wordsworth`s revisions of the poem have argued against the poem for its incoherency or its seemingly non-political viewpoint. This study, however, argues that Wordsworth`s identification of Margaret with nature leads readers to observe the otherness of the other. The pedlar`s self-reflective meditation on Margaret suggests that Margaret and nature are not the absolute Other, but the relational others that participate in the formation of his subjective tranquility. "The Ruined Cottage" allows readers to criticize an anthropocentric and androcentric logic of domination that is bound to defend the dualistic belief that the self is separate and atomic. The pedlar`s care and sympathy show that such belief is concerned with a patriarchal value-hierarchical thinking that makes it possible to produce the domination of woman and the domination of nature. Within the frame of oppositional dualism, the self is always considered as superior, and the other as inferior. The oppositions of the human and the nonhuman and of men and women always work in this patriarchal conceptual frame. Even though his perception is imprisoned in this frame, the pedlar observes Margaret and nature being liberated from the oppressive thinking and finds his self indebted to the others. Attempting to erase the boundary between the self(human beings/men) and the other(nonhuman beings/women), Wordsworth suggests that any human or nonhuman individual is part of an ecological community.