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The purpose of this article is to review how the Sino-Soviet dispute and the Vietnam war affected North Korea’s South Korean revolution policy during the second half of the 1960s. North Korea tried to remain neutral in the Sino-Soviet dispute, but it was not a easy thing to do. Its declaration of neutrality cost North Korea economic assistance from the two allies and had to extend their seven-year plan up to three more years. After South Korea decided to send non-combat troops to Vietnam in January 1965, the North condemned the South’s decision and stood ready to send its own troops to Vietnam. There has been a marked increase in border conflict initiated by North Korea and infiltrations into the South since mid-October 1966. It was related to the North Korean leader Kim Il Sung’s speech that had frequently emphasized reunification of the fatherland as the foremost goal of his regime and party. North Korea tried unsuccessfully to create a revolutionary situation and to implant a base for guerilla warfare in the South from the North Vietnamese experience.