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Both beliefs in the Absolute and pursuit of the ideal world constitute the primitive ideas of human beings who are forced to live in imperfect realities. In Japan these ideas have been called Shinto and have changed since ancient times, repeatedly being integrated(習合) and separated(分離) within different contexts. In this article I examine the Norinaga Kokugaku view of Shinto with a focus on the notions of “Kuni” and “Michi” in Kojikiden(古事記傳), the work of Motoori Norinaga who provided a comprehensive survey of 18th-century Kokugaku. In Kojikiden Norinaga raised a question about differences between various concepts that had been imported to Japan through Chinese books and characters and focused on the notions of “Kami”, the Transcendent and “Michi”, the Genealogy. He also advocated a methodological return to the Japanese cultural tradition. Norinaga denied that the word “Shinto” had existed and traced its origin back to the work of Sumeraki's Takamikura who had been reigning over through Amatsuhitsugi, initiated by Amaterasuomikami. In this article I confirm that Norinaga's interpretations of three notions had their origin in his awareness that he needed to construct a new system in which Japan was located in a unity of the real world and the mythical world. In addition, I argue that the logical leap and justification in his awareness make possible a reproduction of modernity even now. In conclusion, I suggest that the Norinaga Kokugaku view of Shinto is itself the problem which today’s Japan has to face from a viewpoint of coexistence and that this also allows a rethinking of our intellectual landscape that has been burdened with the unidentifiable ideal, self-identity between indigenous and foreign ideas.