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Stage plays are frequently thought to lend themselves to film adaptations more easily than novels because the two forms have conceptual and physical properties in common. Both have similar dramatic structure. Both utilize actors carrying forth dramatic actions. Both make use of spoken dialogue. But adaptations of superb and popular stage plays to film have frequently been a great appointment because there are perceptual differences between the two forms. The resemblance between theatre and cinema is superficial and deceptive, and the nature of the resemblance is such as to make the adaptation of a stage play to film far more difficult, in many ways, than the adaptation of a play. For the full appreciation of any successful adaptation of a stage play to film will require that we understand what common elements of these two deceptively similar art forms will lend themselves to a change of medium, what elements will require a change in the mode of expression, and what will need to be eliminated. The elements we must be concerned with are dramatic structure, characterization, physical media differences, real time and cinematic time, dialogue exposition, actors and acting techniques and the spirit of the original play.