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This paper is to explore how Arthur Kopit bitterly criticizesmelodrama nd the melodramatized American history in hisIndians.Acording to Kopit, the American history has ben fabricated anddistorted by the American white males. Furthermore, the American whitemales’ historical view is closely related to the characteristics ofmelodrama. InIndians, Kopit mocks and rejects the melodramaticcharacteristics by adopting anachronistic structure and anti-realistictechniques, presenting the protagonist far from the melodramaticcharacterization and using play-within-the-play.The structure ofIndians is composed of the anachronistically arranged13 Scenes except he last 4 scenes. The purpose of this tructure is tocreate a sense of disorientation in the audience and rethink about heVietnam War in the context of American history. Also, Kopit frely usesthe anti-realistic techniques, such as epic theater techniques, surealism,theatricalism and expressionism to prevent he audience from beingimersed in dramatic fantasy.The protagonist, William Cody, becomes Bufalo Bill by ‘the magicpen’ of Ned Buntline and establishes his image as a national hero in hisWild West Show. However, he proves himself as a man of split identity,thus far from the melodramatic hero.The Scouts of the Plains, a melodrama nd a play-within-the-play of251 아서 코핏의 Indians: 멜 로 드 라 마 화 된 미 국 역 사 다 시 쓰 기