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The purpose of the study is to identify the correlation between the degree of conducts on health promoting behaviors and the related factors. 890 middle school students were taken for this study by self-administered questionnaire surveys from April. 10. 2002 to 20 in the city of Gwang-Ju.The following findings were given :1) As to female students, the better grades and mother's educational backgrounds they possessed, the higher scores in health promoting behavior were(p<.01), the better grades, the higher in self-efficacy(p<.01), the better grades and mother's educational backgrounds, the higher self-respect(p<.05), and when the family number were 3 to 5 the highest score was.2) In case of male students, from the above results, economic status, self efficacy, self-respect, and perceived health status are presented as the crucial factors on health promoting behavior meaning the better economic status, self- efficacy, self-respect, and perceived health status, the higher degree of conducting health promoting behavior.It picked mother's educational background, self-efficacy, self-respect, and perceived health status as the essential on female students, it indicating the better mother's educational background, self efficacy, self-respect, and perceived health status, the higher degree of conducting health promoting behavior.3) On the results of this study, I would like to suggest that we will have to conduct not only health education for health promoting behavior but also promoting programs for self-efficacy and self-respect at the same time in order to enhance the degree of conducting health promoting behavior for middle school students.