초록 close

- 원자력발전소로부터의 만일의 방사성물질 누출사고에 대비해 원자력발전소 주변에는 주민보호조치를 효율적으로 수행하기 위해 비상계획구역이 설정되어 있다. 그러나 이러한 비상계획구역 크기를 결정하는 국내의 방법론은 보수적인 사고선원항을 이용하여 계산한 1980년에 발표된 일본의 이론에 근거하고 있다. 본 연구의 목적은 울진 3&4호기의 확률론적 안전성점검 연구결과로 얻어진 사고선원항을 토대로 현재 원전을 중심으로 반경 8~10km의 주변지역으로 설정되어 있는 방사선 비상계획구역의 적합성을 재평가하는 것이다. 방사선영향평가를 위해서 컴퓨터 코드인 MACCS2(MELCOR Accident Consequence Code System2)코드를 사용하였다. 연구결과는 현재 울진원전을 중심으로 설정되어 있는 반경 8~10km의 비상계획구역으로서 STC-14 및 STC-19를 제외한 대부분의 선원항들에 대해 조기사망 발생확률을 크게 낮출 수 있음을 보여주고 있다. STC-14의 경우는 16km 이상, STC-19의 경우는 13km이상 소개되어야 조기사망 발생확률이 현저하게 감소되었다. 주민보호조치에 대한 민감도 분석결과에서는 사고통보 및 소개와 관련된 시간지연이 조기사망효과에 대해 직접적이고도 매우 큰 영향을 주고 있음을 확인할 수 있었다.


typically established around nuclear power plants to effectively perform the public protective measures. The domestic methodology to determine the size of the EPZ is similar to that of Japan established in 1980, where calculations were based on the conservative accident source term. The objective of this study is to re-evaluate the validity of established EPZ, the area within the radius of 8~10㎞ around domestic nuclear power plants, using the source terms covering full spectrum of accidents obtained from PSA study of ULJIN 3&4. To evaluate the risks of health effects, the computer code MACCS2(MELCOR Accident Consequence Code System2) was used. The result shows that the existing EPZ can reduce the probability of early fatality adequately for most of the source term categories(STCs) except for STC-14 and STC-19. In case of STC-14 and 19, the evacuation distance of 16km and 13km, respectively, are required. These distances can be reduced by improving emergency preparedness since the sensitivity studies for the public protective actions show that the magnitude of early fatality is largely affected by the time delays in notification and evacuation.


- Against major release of radioactive material in nuclear power plant, Emergency Planning Zone(EPZ)s are typically established around nuclear power plants to effectively perform the public protective measures. The domestic methodology to determine the size of the EPZ is similar to that of Japan established in 1980, where calculations were based on the conservative accident source term. The objective of this study is to re-evaluate the validity of established EPZ, the area within the radius of 8~10㎞ around domestic nuclear power plants, using the source terms covering full spectrum of accidents obtained from PSA study of ULJIN 3&4. To evaluate the risks of health effects, the computer code MACCS2(MELCOR Accident Consequence Code System2) was used. The result shows that the existing EPZ can reduce the probability of early fatality adequately for most of the source term categories(STCs) except for STC-14 and STC-19. In case of STC-14 and 19, the evacuation distance of 16km and 13km, respectively, are required. These distances can be reduced by improving emergency preparedness since the sensitivity studies for the public protective actions show that the magnitude of early fatality is largely affected by the time delays in notification and evacuation.