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Yeom Sang-Seop’s A Dark Night, A New Year’s Eve are problematical fictions of the history of the Korean literature. Many researches on these works had depended on Yeom Sang-Seop’s early writings on the indivi- duality, The individuality and the art, For the extreme good. In a sense, it is valid that these fictions represent his thinkings on the matter of indi- viduality.But his early literary writings shows that his concerns on the indivi- duality is linked with his ideas on the free marriage, which is against with the patriarchal rights on marriage. In A Dark Night, he criticized the irrational forces of the patriarchal rights traditionally sanctioned, and in A New Year’s Eve, he emphasized that the individuality could only be realized through free love and marriage.As a modern values and institution, free marriage is the crucial subject of the Korean society in the 1920s. Yeom Sang-Seop had known that the escape from the patriarchal rights on marriage is the road to individuality and is an important post of the modernization of Korean fiction. As it were, his work embodies a love story to metaphorize this social issues. And that is the reason that he was a telegrapher-messenger of European literature.