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The purposes of this paper are to show the tense-aspect-mood system of the early Modern Korean(from the 17th century to the middle of the 18th century) and to explain the process of the change of the TAM system in Korean. The 15th century Korean had basically an aspectual system. When the predicate was a verb, past situations were expressed by ø or ‘-d-’, which were in the relation of aspectual opposition. ‘-n-’ expressed present situation, and belonged to imperfective. In the sentence-final position of the early Modern Korean, the 15th century's TAM system was retained, with a slight change of adding ‘-s-’ as a marker of past situations. In the connective clause, the tense system of past vs. non-past had been established through the grammaticalization of ‘-s/si-’. This was due to the successive change of ‘-n-’, the reinterpretation of ø as present tense, and the reanalysis of ‘-dni’ as one unit. However, the relative clause retained that of the 15th century Korean. It is notable that the TAM system of Korean became different depending on syntactic positions, which was not in the 15th century Korean. The grammaticalization of ‘-s/si-’ changed Aspect system to Tense system in the sentence-final position and connective clause, though the former was incomplete, but the relative clause retained old system.