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The primary aim of this paper is to examine a conceptual characteristics of metonymy as a cognitive process. Despite the amount of interest sown in metonymy during the past two decades, no precise definition of metonymy has been offered yet. A traditional view of metonymy was mainly seen as “a figure of speech that consists in using the name of one thing for that of something else with which it is associated”, it was basically thought of as a matter of language, especially literary or figurative language. But metonymy dose not simply substitute the name of entity, but consists in mentally accessing one conceptual entity via another entity. This view of metonymy is reflected in cognitive definitions. To be sure, metonymy as a cognitive process is a conceptual phenomenon, which is operates within an idealized cognitive model.