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In this paper, as a way to interpret Korean modern poetry, I examined the types and individualistically transformed usages of archetypal mental images in the works of Park Du-Jin, Kim Chun-Soo, and Cho Ji-Hun, and reached the following conclusion:In case of Doojin Park, a devil, which is a self-integration focused on the individualized archetypal image and dualistic projection, can be understood as an image resulted from the psychological conflict between good and evil in human nature.Blending sea and flower which symbolizes eternal mother and plant image respectively, Choonsu Kim evokes female sexuality. This has a strong implication of primitive life and suggests that dream is an original subject for the reticent female and a happy childhood.Jihoon Cho contributes to the interpretation of poetic symbol of color in the Jeogori(traditional Korean female jacket) which is the image of Korean emotion. His psychological formation is obtained by his special eye to the color in subjects and comes from the mythic world which symbolizes the traditional spirit and the source of sense of beauty.