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Hyoyeolji, one of the typical family novels based on a step-mother story, haven't been introduced extensively to date. Thus, the present study attempts to identify its bibliography and the issues related with its readers, and to interpret this work based on the result.Hyoyeolji has both Sino-Korean and Hangul versions left, but only the latter has its complete collection. An examination of related documents shows that this novel was read and possessed by noble families in country villages or middle-class administrative workers.The novel expresses step mothers as an evil person and the children of the former wife as a person with unusual ability. Instead of driven away helplessly entrapped by the step mother's evil plot, the child discloses the wicked acts of the step mother by exerting a remarkable ability. Step mothers are expressed as even more vicious kinds who continue to do evil conducts to their step children. Meanwhile, the father is described as a stupid man who can't prevent or solve conflicts between his new wife and his own child. This incompetency of the father, as a result, calls attention to household problems and stimulates its readers to solve these problems within the boundary of their family. In addition, this also emphasizes the father's moral training and home management. It is presumed that these contents of the novel might have given some lessons to its readers.