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① The question of how to look at a text should be a prerequisite of literary study. ② A literary text is not a chain of meanings with collisions as much as an organic unity of meanings. ③ A literary text is a way of writing based on symbol not meaning, thus presenting nonconceptual and multiple meanings rather than fixed and single meanings. ④ A literary text detaches itself from the exchange values in the market society through aesthetic things. ⑤ A literary text is a new existential situation. ⑥ An aesthetic text produces meanings from an aesthetic viewpoint and through artistic processes. ⑦ The meaning of a literary text is the one expressed in an aesthetic process, and literary study is to present an objective description of the aesthetic process of the meaning. ⑧ A literary text is a social and historical product. ⑨ A literary text does not merely reflect the social and historical contexts in cause and effect but gives particular meanings to the society and history by endowing itself with meanings as an aesthetic text. ⑩ A literary text is never to be understood solely based on content. Content-focused understanding is a way of literary study to deny a literary text itself.