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The Appearance of Gi-ho-sa-lim(畿湖士林) and Their Literary Intention in 16th CenturyWoo, Eung-soonThis paper's aim light on the appearance of Gi-ho-sa-lim and their literary intention in 16th century, watching the internal division of Sa-lim(士林) and their change. Although repeated Sa-hwa(士禍) and political defeat Sa-lim increased their latent political power continually. In King Jung-jong(中宗)‘s reign, the intellectual in Gi-ho(畿湖) territory entered into politics. Gi-ho-sa-lim and their leader Jo, Kwang-jo(趙光祖) placed emphasis on Kyeong-se(經世, the statecraft) and they created some literary works that contained their sorrowful indignation over the injustice.Gi-ho-sa-lim in 16th century had common scholastic intention and common political views. Their literary intention was political criticism which was based on the negative understanding of the situation, They expressed social trend and political situation. They revealed the public indignation and the deep emotion against the immorality by various literary techniques.They were opposite to the inclination toward literature itself of Hun-gu(勳舊) and pursued the reality of the contents. Their doctrine-passion of U-kuk-ae-min(憂國愛民, patriotism and affection toward the plebeian) and Bi-bun-gang-gae(悲憤慷慨, sorrwful indignation over the injustice) after Gi-myo-sa-hwa(己卯士禍)-were different from the aesthetic consciousness of Yeong-nam-sa-lim(嶺南士林), On-yu-don-hu(溫柔敦厚, mildness and sincerity). They expressed their political break and indignation by allegorical technique and often created some instructional works in order to educate the plebian.