초록

Purpose – The purpose of this study is to investigate economical ventilation effectiveness to reduce hazardous materials exposure and damage of workers by analyzing exposure amount of noxious substances under various ventilation conditions of nail salon for indoor environments. Research design, data, and methodology – This study was carried out with cooperation of Nail shop located in SeongNam city to involve an analysis of the environmental impact indoor air quality, pollutant exposure and economical cost-effectiveness in the nail workplace. The hazardous substances were PM-10(Particulate Matter-10㎛), VOCs(Volatile Organic Compounds) and Formaldehyde, which are the major materials of nail workplace. Results – PM-10 is reduced by about 60% with air cleaner, forced artificial ventilation by 32%, and natural ventilation by about 12%. TVOCs and Formaldehyde showed similar efficiency (80~100%) after natural ventilation and ventilation after 60 minutes. The removal efficiencies of VOCs and formaldehyde were similar to those of natural ventilation and mechanical ventilation system. However, in case of dust, natural ventilation was reduced by artificial ventilation system due to inflow of external dust during natural ventilation. Conclusions – If the pollution degree of outdoor air is not high, air volume is high, and natural ventilation is performed when the air conditioning and heating system is not operated. Even at the end of the work, it keeps operating for 60 minutes to remove the pollutants generated. Results of this analysis demonstrated that the worker environment can be improved by adopting institutional legislation and guidelines for ventilation.

키워드

Ventilation, Economical Cost-Effectiveness, Contaminants, Occupational Exposure, Nail Salon

참고문헌(25)open

  1. [학술지] Aaron, L. / 2019 / Occupational exposure to volatile organic compounds and health risks in Colorado nail salons / Environmental Pollution 249 : 518 ~ 526

  2. [학술지] Alaves, V. M. / 2013 / Characterization of indoor air contaminants in a randomly selected set of commercial nail salons in Salt Lake County, Utah, USA / International Journal of Environmental Health Research 23 (5) : 419 ~ 433

  3. [학술지] Barnes, T. / 2019 / Ventilation for low dissipated energy achieved using flow control during both inspiration and expiration / Trends in Anaesthesia and Critical Care 24 : 5 ~ 12

  4. [학술지] Bayram, B. / 2019 / Invasive mechanical ventilation in the emergency department / Turkish Journal of Emergency Medicine 19 : 43 ~ 52

  5. [학술지] Ciuzas, D. / 2016 / Indoor Air Quality Management by Combined Ventilation and Air Cleaning : An Experimental Study / Aerosol and Air Quality Research 16 : 2550 ~ 2559

  6. [학술지] Colman Lerner, J. E. / 2012 / Characterization and health risk assessment of VOCs in occupational environments in Buenos Aires, Argentina / Atmospheric Environment 55 : 440 ~ 447

  7. [학술지] Francisco, P. W. / 2016 / Ventilation, indoor air quality, and health in homes undergoing weatherization / Indoor Air 27 (2) : 463 ~ 477

  8. [학술지] Hou, C. / 2018 / Research on urban park design combined with the urban ventilation system / Energy Procedia 152 : 1133 ~ 1138

  9. [학술지] Hult, E. L. / 2015 / Formaldehyde and acetaldehyde exposure mitigation in US residences : in-home measurements of ventilation control and source control / Indoor Air 25 (2015) : 523 ~ 535

  10. [학술지] Myung-Hee Jung / 2018 / A Study on the Effect of Beauty Service of the Elderly on Successful Ageing: Focused on Mediated Effect of Self-esteem / The Journal of Asian Finance, Economics and Business 5 (4) : 213 ~ 223

  11. [학술지] Kim, U. J. / 2019 / Occurrence of and human exposure to organophosphate flame retardants/plasticizers in indoor air and dust from various microenvironments in the United States / Environment International 125 : 342 ~ 349

  12. [학술지] Lamplugh, A. / 2019 / Occupational exposure to volatile organic compounds and health risks in Colorado nail salons / Environmental Pollution 249 : 518 ~ 526

  13. [학술지] Lexuan, Z. / 2019 / VOC sources and exposures in nail salons : a pilot study in Michigan, USA / International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health 92 (1) : 141 ~ 153

  14. [학술지] Lucattini, L. / 2018 / A review of semi-volatile organic compounds(SVOCs)in the indoor environment : occurrence in consumer products, indoor air and dust / Chemosphere 201 (2018) : 466 ~ 482

  15. [학술지] Milich, L. J. / 2017 / Safety and health risk perceptions : A cross-sectional study of New Jersey hair and nail salon clients / Journal of Chemical Health and Safety 24 (6) : 7 ~ 14

  16. [학술지] Munguia, N. / 2016 / A more sustainable nail care service / Journal of Cleaner Production 133 (1) : 803 ~ 811

  17. [학술지] Muhamad-Darus, F. / 2016 / Preliminary Assessment of Indoor Air Quality in Terrace Houses / Health and the Environment Journal 2 (2) : 8 ~ 14

  18. [학술지] 나경호 / 2005 / 실내용 공기청정기 유형별 실내환경개선 성능에 대한 비교평가 / 환경영향평가 14 (3) : 109 ~ 115

  19. [학술지] Nirlo, E. L. / 2014 / Volatile organic compounds in fourteen U. S. retail stores / Indoor Air 24 : 484 ~ 494

  20. [학술지] Pavilonis, B. / 2018 / Assessing indoor air quality in New York City nail salons / Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene 15 (5) : 422 ~ 429

  21. [학술지] Shiue, A. / 2019 / Verification of air cleaner on-site modeling for PM2. 5 and TVOC purification in a full-scale indoor air quality laboratory / Atmospheric Pollution Research 10 (1) : 209 ~ 218

  22. [학술지] Wang, S. W. / 2009 / Characterizing relationships between personal exposures to VOCs and socioeconomic, demographic, behavioral variables / Atmospheric Environment 43 (14) : 2296 ~ 2302

  23. [학술지] Zheng, X. / 2017 / Brominated and phosphateflame retardants(FRs)in indoor dust from different mi-croenvironments : implications for human exposure via dust ingestion and dermalcontact / Chemosphere 184 : 185 ~ 191

  24. [학술지] Zhu, X. / 2019 / A test-based method for estimating the service life of adsorptive portable air cleaners in removing indoor formaldehyde / Building and Environment 154 : 89 ~ 96

  25. [학술지] Zhuang, C. / 2019 / Optimal Design of Multi-zone Air-conditioning Systems for Buildings Requiring Strict Humidity Control / Energy Procedia 158 : 3202 ~ 3207