ABSTRACT

The effort to select human resources in systematically and fair made an excellent system called a state exam. The long existence of state exams is deeply connected to Chinese human based sentiments and their obsession to raise human resources essential for the country. These ideas are well shown in the story of dreams in “MengZhan YiZhi”. The selecting the human resource foreseen through main examiner’s dream and the promotion through recommendation makes us imagine the deeply destined relationship between the dreamer and the beneficiary by intervening mysterious phenomenon of dreaming. The few examples given here is just a tip of the iceberg. I insist there are other countless vertical relationships or various types of relationships in stories. Indeed, it should have been happened and still is happening in this time both in the stories and real life. The relationship-oriented propensity is one of the most critical factors to explain China’s identity. Additionally, the psychology is already been acknowledged as social norm in China. The important question is not the rational determination on whether it is desirable, but regardless of the question, it is still emphasized in Chinese society.

KEYWORD

과거제도(The system of state examination), 과거급제(civil service exam candidate), 승진(promotion), 강박관념(obsession), 관계(relationship), 꿈(dream), 사회적 보편성(social universality)

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