ABSTRACT

‘The theory of nature’ was discussed mainly in the philosophy area from the Pre-Qin Period to the Han dynasty, and finally in the Wei Jin Southern and Northern Dynasties, it began to enter the field of literature and art. In the Song dynasty, ‘The theory of nature’ became the main problem of poetry’s creation, criticism and appreciation. Discussions on ‘the poem theory of nature’ include Northern Song Dynasty’s Su Xun, Su Shi, Zhang Lei, Ye Mengde, Southern Song Dynasty’s Lu You, Yang Wanli, Jiang Kui, Yan Yu, and Bao Hui. ‘The poem theory of nature’ in Song dynasty emphasized the relation between ‘nature’ and ‘affection’, ‘skillful and clumsy’, and ‘poem method’. ‘The poem theory of nature’ has become one of the most representative and core contents of poetics of Song dynasty.

KEYWORD

宋代(Song Dynasty), 詩學(Poetics), 自然論(the theory of nature), 蘇洵(Su Xun), 蘇軾(Su Shi), 張耒(Zhang Lei), 葉夢得(Ye Mengde), 陸游(Lu You), 楊萬里(Yang Wanli), 姜夔(Jiang Kui), 嚴羽(Yan Yu), 包恢(Bao Hui)

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