ABSTRACT

The early historical records all recorded that Tao Yuanming was Tao Kan's great-grandson. So as a member of gentry class, Tao Yuanming can obtain the higher official rank in the nine grades of rank. However, there were some scholars in the Qing Dynasty who suggested that Tao Yuanming was not the descendants of Tao Kan. Their main basis was a controversial poem of “For the Lord of Changsha” 赠长沙公族祖. In fact, as the earliest historical record of Tao Yuanming, “Song Shu” 宋书 was compiled according to the genealogies of the gentries at that time. This fact means that the genealogies records in Song Shu were reliable. There is no reason for hasty suspicion. At the same time, Tao Yuanming, as the descendant of Tao Kan, Tao yuanming should obtain a official rank in the nine grades of rank in accordance with his family identity. Combined with the official system to examine Tao Yuanming's official career, we can confirm that he Origin gentry. The old idea that he was born humble was inaccurate.

KEYWORD

陶渊明(Tao Yuanming), 家世(Extraction), 品第(Official rank), 史源(The source of history), 官制(Official system)

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