ABSTRACT

The main themes of The Great Learning are to illustrate illustrious virtue(明明德); to love the people(親民); and to rest in the highest excellence(止於至善). This is the step-by-step process and methodology for achieving the ideal world which Confucian School orientes. The highest excellence's status means the whole kingdom was made tranquil and happy(平天下), as the ultimate goal of Confucian School's dream. Three-Doctrine(三綱領) : To illustrate illustrious virtue(明明德), to love the people(親民) and to rest in the highest excellence(止於至善) are the goal that The Great Learning, also are The process of reaching that goal. The Methodology exactly is Eight-Categories(八條目) : Things being investigated(格物), Their knowledge being complete(致知), Their thoughts being sincere(誠意), Their hearts being rectified正心, Their persons being cultivated(修身), Their families being regulated(齊家), Their states being rightly governed(治國), The whole kingdom was made tranquil and happy(平天下). Three-Doctrine(三綱領) and Eight-Categories(八條目), this is the basis and the whole story of The Great Learning. Among Three-Doctrine(三綱領), to illustrate illustrious virtue(明明德) refers to Their persons being cultivated(修身) from Things being investigated(格物) and Their knowledge being complete(致知) to the completion of personality; to love the people(親民) refers to Their families being regulated(齊家) and Their states being rightly governed(治國) based onto illustrate illustrious virtue(明明德); and to rest in the highest excellence(止於至善) refers to the whole kingdom was made tranquil and happy(平天下), is the final stage of the ideal world based onto illustrate illustrious virtue(明明德) and to love the people(親民). Therefore, Things being investigated, Their knowledge being complete, Their thoughts being sincere, Their hearts being rectified and Their persons being cultivated are the contents of to illustrate illustrious virtue(明明德); Their families being regulated and Their states being rightly governed are the contents of to love the people(親民); the whole kingdom was made tranquil and happy(平天下) is the content of to rest in the highest excellence(止於至善). to rest in the highest excellence(止於至善) just is the ideal world as the ultimate goal of Confucianism' dream.

KEYWORD

大學(The Great Learning), 三綱領(Three-Doctrine), 八條目(Eight-Categories), 對應關係(Corresponding Relationships), 國家統治方法論(Method of the states being rightly governed), 理想世界(the Ideal World)

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