ABSTRACT

This thesis puts its purpose in examining the meaning and types of Qianzi Zatishi(miscellaneous poems with engraved subjects), the contents and the characteristics of such poetry, along with its developmental changes from the past to the present. Qianzi Zatishi generally represents that a few particular letters are engraved on porpose into each line or verse in a poem. That is to say, letters are engraved in the same place of another line or verse in order, forming the embedded style of writing. Zashushi(miscellaneous poems with engraved numbers) and Zamingshi (miscelaneous poems with engraved names) representing Qianzi Zatishi mostly emerged during the Northern and Southern Dynasties. On account that it was difficult to create Zashushi poems, though these kinds of poems were generally made up of an engraved style, they gradually died out as time went by to the next generation. Zamingshi poems were comparatively more created than other poems because it was easier to get the subject matters of these poems. In particular, Chinese herb poems, which are related to the medical knowledge of literary men, were overwelmingly dominant in Tang and Song Dynasty. The content of Qianzi Zatishi was not different from that of ordinary poetry, but the characteristics of amusement in such poetry were distinctive in its writing techniques. In later times, the area of Qianzi Zatishi was expanded into lyrics or advertisements. Furthermore, engraved letters were not confined to the academic studies or books. Rather, these letters were obtained on a basis of poets' daily lives. However, the grand principle that the development of poetry and its poetic meaning should be natural still remains unchanging until today.

KEYWORD

감자잡체시(Qianzi Zatishi), 잡수시(Zashushi), 잡명시(Zaming- shi), 문자유희(Amusement of writing letters), 약명시(Chinese Herbs Poetry)

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