초록

This paper explores how contested statehood has served as an apparatus of sovereignty that controls people’s movement in East Asia. The Cold War attributes are still deeply embedded despite the flow of economic liberalization and political democratization. East Asia is the last remaining vestige of the Cold War. Two regions of East Asia, which include the Korean Peninsula and China, are still territorially and politically divided. These vestiges of the Cold War are mostly represented in the control of people’s movement. People’s movement has been restrictively liberalized and often controlled for the security reasons. This paper focuses on Taiwan’s case. Taiwan’s contested statehood has served as an apparatus of sovereignty, which started from the establishment of the country, and has been deeply embedded in the country’s entry-exit policy. In the beginning, Taiwan’s government strictly controlled the movement of Taiwanese nationals and prohibited the entry of all Chinese nationals. Taiwan’s international isolation in diplomatic matters and need for globalization led to the abolishing of the martial law, but Taiwanese nationals were still controlled by the regulations of the National Security Act. Even after Article 3 was finally abolished in 2011, the contested statehood still serves as an apparatus of sovereignty deeply embedded in the entry-exit policy.

키워드

entry-exit policy, Taiwan, contested statehood, an apparatus of sovereignty, immigration

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