초록

This paper briefly outlines some of the critical transformations generated by the sixteenth-century Protestant Reformation, particularly in the context of Shakespearean drama. Some of these include an unprecedented focus on the concept of “double predestination,” ongoing redefinitions of basic Christian concepts such as miracles, calling, and saints, and an aggressive promotion of marriage as the sole acceptable Christian lifestyle. In Shakespearean comedy, this latter element is highlighted and the traditional movement into passionate, romantic love (via Cupid’s arrows) also becomes a movement, specifically a conversion, into Protestant Christianity. In Shakespearean tragedy, the Protestant sense of double predestination urges protagonists to find signs of their ‘election’ not through validation by a Church but by exploring their consciences obsessively and by finding signs of their effectual callings in the world. A failure to attain “assurance” on this crucial issue of preordained redemption or damnation creates the conditions of tragedy.

키워드

Protestant Reformation, conversion, predestination, marriage, love, conscience

참고문헌(12)open

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