ABSTRACT

This study investigated the moderating effect of the parenting role-sharing with fathers on the association between parenting stress, family cohesion and family flexibility of mothers with young children. Data were drawn from the sixth wave of the Panel Study of Korean Children (PSKC) developed by the Korea Institute of Child Care and Education (KICCE), conducted in 2013. The subjects were 1,608 mothers of children aged 60-66 months. Data were analyzed by descriptive statistics, Cronbach alpha, correlation, and hierarchical regression analysis with SPSS ver. 22. The results illustrated that both mothers’ parenting stress and parenting role-sharing with fathers had main effects on family cohesion and family flexibility, respectively. Especially, according to the result of the interaction analysis between factors, the parenting role-sharing with fathers moderated not only the effect of parenting stress on family cohesion but also the effect of parenting stress on family flexibility. Therefore, this study highlighted the need of fathers’ active role in parenting to support the spouse’s psychological well-being within a family. Moreover, findings suggest for the programs to promote fathers’ participation in parenting with the help of the parenting role training education and to encourage the family friendly public policy.

KEYWORD

Panel Study on Korean Children, parenting stress, family cohesion, family flexibility, parenting role-sharing with fathers

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