ABSTRACT

This study explored whether neighborhood poverty functions as a context of residents’ neighborship in our society where neighborship has been chilled recently. So it deals with the directivity and mechanism of contextual effects. In order to solve the research questions, 2-level multi-mediation analysis was done with 680 neighborhoods and 16,557 individuals in the data called ‘Korean Crime Victim Survey(2010).’ The study results tell us that the poorer the neighborhood, the higher the degree of neighborship, which was totally different from the expectation according to social disorganization theory. Also the increase of neighborhood-level residential stability was fully or partially mediating the relationships between neighborhood poverty and neighborship. On the basis of these results, this study suggested the points of the effective interventions improving neighborship, such as community organizing and community renewal projects.

KEYWORD

Contextual Effects, Neighborhood Poverty, Neighborship, Social Disorganization Theory, Multi-level Mediation Analysis

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