ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study was to develop and validate the Korean version of the maternal gate-keeping scale which measures the attitude or behavior limiting or encouraging the paternal parenting. To develop and modify the maternal gate-keeping scale originally developed by Van Egeren(2000) and modified by Schoppe-Sullivan (2015) was translated into Korean. Eleven married couples with young children age under 6 were interviewed in depth to design pre-questions. Based on the previous studies and in-depth interviews, preliminary items were identified. Through the pilot study, the final 17 items (8 items related to maternal gate closing, and 9 items related to opening) of maternal gate-keeping scale were selected. The reliability and validity of the Korean version of the maternal gate-keeping scale was examined with 301 Korean parents with one child under the age of six at least. The result was as follows:The internal consistency reliability among items was proficient. Since there were significant correlations between the scale and marital satisfaction, parenting alliance, and paternal parenting, the scale demonstrated clear concurrent validity, convergent and discrimi nant validity. As the result of the confirmatory factor analysis, goodness of the Korean model which consisted of a two-factor model was proved as favorable. One of the two sub factors was the maternal gate-closing which means maternal attitude or behavior limiting and controlling paternal parenting. The other was the maternal gate-opening, which means maternal attitude or behavior supporting and encouraging paternal parenting. Through confirmatory factor analysis, goodness of fit of the Korean model consisted of two sub factors was proved as favorable. Implications and limitations of the present study and suggestions for the future studies were discussed.

KEYWORD

coparenting, maternal gatekeeping, scale development

REFERENCES(51)open

  1. [jounal] 김정미 / 2014 / 한국판 부모 양육효능감 검사(K-PSOC) 및 배우자 양육협력 검사(K-PAI)의 타당화 연구 / 한국심리학회지: 발달 27 (2) : 1 ~ 21

  2. [jounal] 노성향 / 2014 / 아버지의 자기효능감이 어머니의 양육스트레스에 미치는 영향 : 아버지 양육참여의 매개효과 / 한국보육학회지 14 (3) : 45 ~ 59

  3. [jounal] 손영빈 / 2011 / 아버지의 역할지각, 양육참여도가 어머니의 결혼만족도에 미치는 영향 / 미래유아교육학회지 18 (3) : 105 ~ 126

  4. [report] 여성가족부 / 2015 / 2015 통계로 보는 여성의 삶

  5. [jounal] 윤경자 / 1997 / 결혼만족도와 결혼안정성:두 이론의 비교 / 대한가정학회지 35 (4) : 31 ~ 46

  6. [thesis] 이종미 / 2013 / 아버지 양육참여도가 유아의 자아존중감에 미치는 영향

  7. [jounal] 장재홍 / 2002 / 아버지의 자녀양육행동과 어머니의 결혼만족도 및 자녀양육태도간의 관계 / 청소년상담연구 10 (2) : 123 ~ 1390

  8. [jounal] 정미라 / 2015 / 어머니 문지기 역할과 아버지의 양육참여 및 행동 간의 관계: 부부 간 의사소통의 매개효과를 중심으로 / 한국보육지원학회지 11 (2) : 355 ~ 373

  9. [jounal] 정현숙 / 1997 / 결혼만족도 연구와 척도의 고찰을 통한 새로운 연구방향과 척도의 모색 / 대한가정학회지 35 (1) : 191 ~ 204

  10. [jounal] 조주은 / 2004 / 아버지의 양육행동 및 참여도와 아동의 스트레스 대처행동과의 관계 / 인간발달연구 11 (3) : 135 ~ 155

  11. [jounal] 채영문 / 2010 / 부모의 양육태도에 따른 유아의 정서조절 능력 및 사회적 능력 / 영유아교육연구 13 : 117 ~ 132

  12. [web] 통계청 / 생활시간조사

  13. [report] 한국고용정보원 / 2012 / 고용보험통계연보

  14. [jounal] 허영림 / 2006 / 아버지의 양육행동에 관한 연구 / 교육논총 26 (1) : 97 ~ 116

  15. [jounal] 홍지아 / 2014 / 한국모성담론의 역사성 : <신여성>과 EBS<부모>가 제시하는 모성의 구성방식 비교를 중심으로 / 현상과 인식 38 (1) : 205 ~ 228

  16. [jounal] 황윤하 / 2015 / 어머니 문지기 역할에 대한 부부의 인식과 아버지의 양육참여 및 양육효능감의 관계 / 육아지원연구 10 (2) : 55 ~ 73

  17. [jounal] Abidin, R. / 1992 / The determinants of parenting behavior / Journal of Clinical Child Psychology 21 (4) : 407 ~ 412

  18. [jounal] Abidin, R. R. / 1995 / Development of a parenting alliance inventory / Journal of Clinical Child Psychology 24 (1) : 31 ~ 40

  19. [jounal] Austin, W. G. / 2011 / Parental gatekeeping in custody disputes / American Journal of Family Law 25 (4) : 148 ~ 153

  20. [jounal] Beitel, A. H. / 1998 / Paternal involvement in infancy:The role of maternal and paternal attitudes / Journal of Family Psychology 12 : 268 ~ 288

  21. [book] Browne, M. W. / 1993 / Testing structural equation models / Sage

  22. [jounal] Bulanda, R. E. / 2004 / Paternal Involvement with Children:The influence of gender ideologies / Journal of Marriage & Family 66 (1) : 40 ~ 45

  23. [book] Coltrane, S. / 1996 / Family Man:Fatherhood, housework, and gender equity / Oxford University Press

  24. [jounal] De Luccie, M. F. / 1995 / Mothers as gatekeepers:A model of maternal mediators of father involvement / Journal of Genetic Psychology 156 : 115 ~ 132

  25. [jounal] Dyer, W. J. / 2014 / Father involvement:Identifying and predicting family members' shared and unique perceptions / Journal of Family Psychology 28 (4) : 516 ~ 528

  26. [jounal] Feinberg, M. E. / 2003 / The internal structure and ecological context of coparenting:A framework for research and intervention / Parenting:Science and Practice 3 : 95 ~ 131

  27. [jounal] Gaunt, R. / 2008 / Maternal gatekeeping:Antecedents and consequences / Journal of Family Issues 29 : 373 ~ 395

  28. [jounal] Goldberg, J. S. / 2014 / Identity and involvement among resident nonresident fathers / Journal of Family Issues 48 (12) : 1167 ~ 1168

  29. [jounal] Grossman, F. K. / 1988 / Fathers and children:Predicting the quality and quantity of fathering / Developmental Psychology 24 : 82 ~ 91

  30. [jounal] Haas, L. / 1980 / Role-sharing couples:A study of egalitarian marriages / Family Relations 29 : 289 ~ 296

  31. [jounal] Hawkins, A. J. / 1992 / Designing a primary intervention to help dual-earner couples share housework and childcare / Family Relations 41 : 169 ~ 177

  32. [jounal] Henley, K. / 2005 / Conditions affecting the association between father identity and father involvement / Fathering 3 : 59 ~ 80

  33. [jounal] Holland, A. S. / 2013 / Maternal and paternal perceptions of coparenting as a link between marital quality and the parent-toddler relationship / Journal of Family Psychology 27 : 117 ~ 126

  34. [jounal] Hook, J. L. / 2006 / Care in context:Men’s unpaid work in 20 countries, 1965-2003 / American Sociological Review 71 : 639 ~ 660

  35. [jounal] Jacobs. J. N. / 2006 / Predictors of paternal involvement in childcare in dual-earner families with young children / Fathering 4 (1) : 23 ~ 47

  36. [book] Kline, R. B. / 2010 / Principles and practice of structural equation modeling / Guilford Press

  37. [jounal] Kulik, L. / 2015 / Explaining fathers' involvement in childcare:an ecological approach / Community, Work&Family 18 (1) : 19 ~ 40

  38. [jounal] Kulik, L. / 2010 / The entrance to the maternal garden:environmental and personal variables that explain maternal gatekeeping / Journal of Gender Studies 19 (3) : 263 ~ 277

  39. [jounal] Maurer, T. W. / 2001 / Parental identity and reflected-appraisals:Measurement and gender dynamics / Journal of Marriage and the Family 63 : 309 ~ 321

  40. [jounal] McHale, J. P. / 1995 / Coparenting and triadic interactions during infancy:The roles of marital distress and child gender / Developmental Psychology 31 (6) : 985 ~ 996

  41. [jounal] Nangle, S. M. / 2003 / Work and family variables as related to paternal engagement, responsibility, and accessibility in dual-earner couples with young children / Fathering 1 : 71 ~ 90

  42. [book] Palkovitz, R. / 1997 / Generative fathering:Beyond deficit perspectives. Current issues in the family series, Vol. 3 / Sage Publications, Inc : 200 ~ 216

  43. [jounal] Sarkadi, A. / 2008 / Fathers' involvement and children's developmental outcomes:A systematic review of longitudinal studies / Acta Paediatrica 97 : 153 ~ 158

  44. [jounal] Schoppe-Sullivan, S. J. / 2008 / Maternal gatekeeping, coparenting quality, and fathering behavior in families with infants / Journal of Family Psychology 22 (3) : 389 ~ 398

  45. [jounal] Schoppe-Sullivan, S. J. / 2015 / Who are the gatekeepers? Predictors of maternal gatekeeping / Parenting Science and Practice 15 : 166 ~ 186

  46. [jounal] Schoppe-Sullivan, S. J. / 2004 / Associations between coparenting and marital behavior from infancy to the preschool years / Journal of Family Psychology 18 : 194 ~ 207

  47. [jounal] Schumm, W. R. / 1985 / Criterion-related validity of the Kansas Marital Satisfaction Scale / Psychological Reports 56 : 719 ~ 722

  48. [book] Snarey, J. / 1993 / How fathers care for the next generation:fore-decade study / Harvard University Press

  49. [jounal] Stevenson, M. M. / 2014 / Marital problems, maternal gatekeeping attitudes, and father-child relationships in adolescence / Development Psychology 50 (4) : 1208 ~ 1218

  50. [jounal] Van Egeren, L. A. / 2004 / Coming to terms with coparenting:Implications of definition and measurement / Journal of Adult Development 11 (3) : 165 ~ 179

  51. [other] Van Egeren, L. A. / 2000 / Parental gatekeeping inventory / Unpublished manuscript, Michigan State University